Analytic Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Wittgenstein 2

The later Wittgenstein was already drifting away from his original thoughts (here), didn’t agree with the Logical Positivists, and even said they had misunderstood him.  He displayed almost mystical states when he was with them, which must have been very annoying to Logical Positivists.   Yet meeting them revived his interest in philosophy:  He began to think now that real meaningfulness of language didn’t just amount to whether it referred to…

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Continental Philosophy Heidegger Anti-Philosophy

Heidegger

This post is rather long, but I didn’t want to divide Heidegger into two.  The difference between Heidegger’s early and late works is more a matter of emphasis than a radical break like that between early and late Wittgenstein (from here). I will first give you the grasp I thought I had got of his philosophizing from various sites. Then I will refer to difficult sites that contradict much of…

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Analytic Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Wittgenstein 1

Firstly to summarize:  Wittgenstein’s thought is divided into the early W. and the late W.  The early Wittgenstein said that statements only have meaning if they refer to facts (or are statements of logic or maths) while the later W. said that words mean what you use them for! and may not refer to entities at all! I am not a philosopher.  I haven’t got that kind of mind.  I…

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Analytic Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

W.V.O. Quine

[The big thing that Quine is famous for is that he didn’t believe that analytic statements really are analytic – they are at bottom really synthetic, like all statements are!]  There is a lot of Quine that I can’t get my mind into, more so than in any other philosopher I have tried.  Trying harder is of no avail because I just haven’t got that kind of mind.  For me…

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Bertrand Russell Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Bertrand Russell 4, separating language into its logical elements

Fourthly, here is a summary of Russell’s effort to render language down into its atoms of meaning — his ‘logical atomism’ or ‘logical analysis’.  As I understand it, this was done to solve many of the problems of philosophy which had been caused, according to BR, by the failure to unravel the elements of meaning that statements are made of.  This became the basis of the new ‘analytic philosophy’ that…

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Bertrand Russell Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Bertrand Russell 3, What is Knowledge?

Thirdly, here is a summary of Russell’s epistemology: his understanding of what knowledge is and how we acquire it. All I have done, in order to understand what BR was saying, is to slightly edit and re-word paragraphs from other sites, to give the nub of what he meant and in plain language.  His epistemology was first published in his The Problems of Philosophy (1912).   From here: Russell wrote that there…

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Bertrand Russell Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Bertrand Russell 2, boiling maths down to logic

This is a summary of Russell’s logicism which was his attempt to show that mathematics could be boiled down to logic! That was the substance of his Principia Mathematica  (1910-1913) which he wrote with Whitehead.  That first stark statement of mine may not be absolutely correct but it’s the best I can do.  This post consists merely of excerpts, slightly paraphrased and edited from other sites (except where they are directly…

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Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell 1, his human wisdoms

This post concerns BR’s views on human matters:   Let me start off with what we have on his own life: In the prologue to his autobiography, he wrote that three passions had always governed him: ‘the longing for love, the search for knowledge, and[my]unbearable pity for the suffering of mankind’ (here).  That’s what he thought of himself! Also that love brings about ‘ecstasy’. — (What on Earth did he mean…

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Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Philosophers logicking on Identity

(This is a long post which I have been unable to break up.  Take it in stages.)    Philosophers since Plato have worried at what exactly Identity and Personal Identity are. They do this by logicking on the words (or ‘concepts’).  The literal  meaning of ‘identity’ from its Greek origins is ‘sameness’ or ‘state of being the same’.  But this is not enough for philosophers. Identity, or what it is…

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Bernard Williams Philosophy Anti-Philosophy

Bernard Williams 2: Self-hood, Cogito, Freedom of the Will

Self-hood or Personal Identity. (What I have written here is the same as in my post on Identity, here.; and represents my understanding of BW from here.)    BW  logicked his way through the question of whether Self-hood or Personal Identity belongs to one’s body or one’s mind.  It seems he was speculating on what ordinary people’s intuitions on this matter are, rather than offering a theory of his own. …

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